Definition: Deduction is a reasoning process in which a conclusion is derived as a necessary consequence of the stated premises.
Example: Everything made of copper conducts electricity (premise 1). This wire is made of copper (premise 2). This wire will conduct electricity (conclusion).
Also called deductive reasoning.
A deduction is also the conclusion reached by a deductive reasoning process.
Unlike induction, in a valid deduction there is no way in which the premises 1 and 2 could be true and the conclusion be false.
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